Nose / Nostrils and excerpt from their book Encyclopedia of K-9 Terminology

Bird Dog & Retriever News

August / September 2017 issue page 13


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Nose / Nostrils and excerpt from their book Encyclopedia of K-9 Terminology

By Edward M. Gilbert Jr & Patricia H. Gilbert

The nose refers to the physical external nose and its associated nasal cartilages, as well as the internal nose or nasal cavity. The functions of the nose include smell and air conduction. The nose and nasal cavity comprise a portion of the upper airway which is a part of the respiratory system. The external nose is divided into two compartments, called nares, by a vertical dividing wall known as the nasal septum. The olfactory nerve, located in the internal nose, feeds sensory information concerning the sense of smell to the brain. The non-haired tip of the nose is divided into two nostrils. The nostrils are the two external openings of the nose that serve as the air breathing nasal passage. Most Breed Standards refer to just the external nose, but in some Standards the term nose refers to the entire muzzle.
Aquiline nose. A term used to describe the shape of an external nose that is curved or hooked like an eagle's beak. The nose of the Scottish Deerhound should be black (and in some blue fawns—blue) and slightly aquiline.
Beige nose. A dog's nose with a sandy color of grayish tan. The Clumber Spaniel's nose is large, square and colored in shades of brown, which include beige, rose and cherry.
Black nose. Black pigmentation of the entire nose.
Blunt nose. A nose which is squared-off and even with the end of the muzzle as in the case of the West Highland White Terrier.
Bridge of the nose. The top of the muzzle. The bridge of the nose extends from the tip of the nose to the stop and in the Norwegian Elkhound is straight, parallel to and about the same length as the topskull.
Brown nose. Brown pigmentation of the entire nose as in the case of the Vizsla.
Bulbous and spongy nose. An enlargement of the nose making it resemble a porous bulb in its shape. The Spinone Italiano's nose is bulbous and spongy in appearance with the upper edge rounded.
Butterfly nose. Spotted nose. 1. A two-tone nose or a nose with flesh colored spots, usually considered to be undesirable or faulty. 2. A parti-colored nose which is dark and spotted with flesh color. 3. Broken pigmentation to the color of the nose. A spotted, butterfly nose in the CKC English Springer Spaniel is undesirable.
Cherry nose. A nose which is weakly pigmented, reddish or reddish brown in color. It is roughly the same color as the skin under brown hair.
• The nose of the Clumber Spaniel is large, square and contains colored shades
of brown including beige, rose and cherry.
• A cherry nose is a disqualification in the Smooth and Wire Fox Terriers.
Crusty nose. A granular build up of skin on the nose.
Dark liver. The nose pigment is a dark liver color.
The nose of the Irish Water Spaniel is large and dark liver in color.
The Boykin Spaniel's nose is dark liver in color.
Dudley nose. A nose lacking in pigment. The term Dudley nose refers to an entirely un-pigmented, flesh-colored or flesh spotted nose named after a particular Bulldog in England who was a prolific sire and threw his flesh colored nose in his get. It is usually accompanied by eye rims of a similar color. In 1914, the Dudley nose was made a disqualification in the AKC Bulldog Standard. In 1976, the Dudley nose disqualification was redefined as a "brown or liver colored nose." The Glossary in the CKC Breed Standard book states that a "Dudley nose (is a) Flesh-colored nose."
A pink (Dudley) nose is to be considered a serious fault in the American Staffordshire Terrier.
A Dudley nose is a disqualification in the following CKC breeds: Australian Shepherd; Boston Terrier; Brussels Griffon; Bulldog; French Bulldog; Pekingese; and the Toy Fox Terrier.
A Dudley nose in the CKC English Springer Spaniel is flesh colored, which is undesirable.
Flared nostrils. Wide open nostrils. The Bouvier des Flandres has a large, black, well developed nose which is round at the edges with flared nostrils.
Flesh colored nose. A flesh colored pigmentation of the entire nose.
The nose of the Pharaoh Hound is flesh colored, blending with the coat. No other color is allowed.
Nose pigment is flesh colored in the white colored Spinone Italiano.
A flesh colored nose in the German Shorthaired Pointer is a disqualification.
Layback of nose. Nose layback describes the manner in which the nose recedes from the vertical. The tip of the nose may be set back deeply between the eyes so as to form a layback. A receding nose is accompanied by an undershot jaw.
The Brussels Griffon's nose is black, extremely short, its tip being set back deeply between the eyes so as to form a layback.
The Bulldog's nose is large, broad and black, its tip set back deeply between the eyes.
The English Toy Spaniel's nose is jet black and well laid back.
Liver nose. Liver pigmentation of the entire nose. The Sussex Spaniel's nostrils are well developed and liver colored.
Nares. Nostrils. The two external air passage compartments of the nose, divided by the nasal septum.
Nasal bridge. The topline of the muzzle is referred to as the nasal bridge in the CKC German Pinscher.
Nasal septum. The nostrils or nares are separated by a vertical dividing wall cartilage called the nasal septum. The nasal septum can appear as a vertical line separating the two nasal passages.
Nasal sinuses, little or no development of. This can occur in the case of a dog whose head is long and narrow. It provides a scarcely perceptible stop and a frontal bone which is telatively flat and not elevated. This provides the appearance of little or no development of the nasal sinuses in the Greyhound.
Nasolabial line. The line separating or running between the nostrils.
Nose leather. The external portion of the nose. The nose leather consists of papillary ridges which result in patterns characteristic for each individual. Nose prints may be used as a means of identification in the dog, similar to the way finger prints are used in man. A desirable breed characteristic in the Australian Terrier is an inverted V-shaped area free of hair extending from the nose up the bridge of the muzzle, varying in length in the mature dog. This is a continuation of the skin on the top of the nose and is of the same black color of the nose. This area is also referred to as leather.
Nose pad. See Nose roll.
Nose pigment. The color due to the presence of pigment in the nose tissue.
The nose is black in the Borzoi, French Bulldog, Glen of Imaal Terrier, Leon-berger, and both the Standard and Toy Manchester Terriers.
The Clumber Spaniel's nose is colored shades of brown, which include beige, rose and cherry.
In the Flat-Coated Retriever, the nose is black on black dogs and brown on liver dogs.


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